|The superb SIG American Match Target (AMT) rifle in .308 Winchester. Unusual for a military-style rifle is the beautiful French walnut stock and handguards. Also shown are the 20-round magazine, built-in bipod, carrying grip and "beer keg" charging handle.|
article provides an overview of
what is arguably the highest quality military-style rifle to ever be imported
into America - the SIG AMT By understanding the
background, technical details, operating characteristics and accessories
of the SIG AMT you will
gain a perspective into why it is considered one of the finest rifles of its
type in existence
Have doubts about this (grandiosce statement? Then read on!
During the period 1954-1957 the Swiss firm of Schweizerische Industrie Gessellschaft (SIG) designed an assault rifle which ultimately became the Sturmgewehr (StGw) 57. The StGw57 was in the 7.5mm Swiss caliber and borrowed ideas from the earlier Spanish CETME Model L and Mauser StG45 rifles. Chief among theses ideas was using a receiver of stamped steel along with delayed-blowback operating system comprised of a bolt assembly utilizing twin locking rollers. These locking rollers are most commonly seen today in H&K rifles.
The Swiss military used the StGw57 from 1957-1986 at which time it was phased out in favor of the newer StGw90 in 5.6 GP90 caliber. However throughout the distinguished 30-year service life of the StGw57 several updates of the basic design took place. These were done to increase its suitability for export purposes onto the global arms market. The updated StGw57, when exported out of Switzerland, then became known as the StGw510. Options available within the 510 series included differing calibers, weight reductions, ergonomic refinements and simplified sighting equipment. There were five versions of the 510. These included:
510-1 Same as the
StGw57 but renamed for export purposes
510-2 Lightweight version of the 510-1
510-3 Same as the 510-1 but in 7.62x39 caliber
510-4 Same as the 510-1 but in 7.62mm NATO caliber
510-5 Same as the 510-1 : Mexican Army prototype in the 30-06 caliber
|The AMT lower receiver assembly. Notice the size of the exposed hammer (it is truly massive!) and the winter trigger which has been swung down into firing position. The two support flanges which fit into equivalent notches in the receiver are visible to the left. The selector switch is in the semi-auto "I" position.|
SIG exported two versions of the 510 into the US. One was the 510-1 which was
renamed for sales purposes as the
and remained chambered in 7.5mm Swiss. The other was the 510-4. The remainder
of this article will touch on the 510-4 and then detail its refined brother
- the superb SIG American Match Target (AMT).
In 1969 several SIG 510-4's, perhaps less than a dozen, were imported into the
US. These were legally parallel to the FN "G" series rifle in that they
were built around full automatic receivers with semi automatic internals. However,
BATF approved these rifles as semi-automatics and therefore not falling under
the restrictions of the NFA.
in 1969 SIG responded to emerging gun regulations in other countries (notably
England and Italy) by slightly modifying the 5 10-4 to make it more "sporting".
This included deleting the bayonet mount and rifle grenade rings on the barrel.
When imported into the United States this now became the SIG AMT. Benet Arms,
SARCO. Osborne Brothers (import marking of "OSS"), Mandall. SIGARMS and Golden
State Arms all were AMT importers. It is known that 1,440 AMT's were imported
during the period
more AMT's were imported although they were reportedly made up of parts which
had been manufactured earlier. Total import of the AMT is estimated at 3,000
rifles for the years
1969-89. Even SIG does not
know the exact number.
With a high retail price ($348 in the early 1970's and $1700 in 1978) it was very expensive. Colt AR15"s and H&K 91's were selling for well over a thousand dollars less during this same period. For these reasons - small supply and very high cost - the AMT is now one of the rarest military-style rifles in the United States. Market trends indicate that it is now one of the most desired.
The AMT is Superbly manufactured and finished in every respect. The traditional
quality of Swiss workmanship is evident throughout all parts and functions of
the rifle. After all, being directly related to the primary small arm of the
Swiss military though
the, it would have to be!
|Closeup of the carrying handle, lower receiver mounting flange and removable bolt locking roller recess. Close examination of the photo will show the circlip which holds the recess in place. When worn out, just pop off the circlip, fit in a new recess, replace the circlip and start firing. Take that H&K!|
|Disassembled into its several major components, the SIG AMT strips to this level in less than 30 seconds. Every part is machined and finished to a truly high level of the firearms art. Notice the length of the recoil spring assembly. It has a very pronounced effect on reducing the .308 Win recoil.|
The AMT is not a big rifle, although it visually appears to be larger than it really is. Total length is 40" with an unloaded weight of 10 pounds. The charging handle is on the right side of the receiver and is extremely easy to grasp. The large ejection port is also on the right side and there is no ejector door as on the M16. The staggered row box magazine comes in 5, 10 and 20-round versions although the 24-round 7.5mm Swiss PE57 magazines will fit and function correctly if it is the older metal (not plastic) follower. The hollow black plastic pistol grip is quite comfortable to use and has a removable endcap to allow storing the cleaning kit.
From a side view the AMT appears to be a square and perhaps bulky rifle which could be uncomfortable to use. This is definitely not the case as it very readily falls into your shoulder when firing. The relationship between buttstock, forward hand rest and trigger assembly are excellent. Overall fit and finish are the best I have ever see in any production rifle, anywhere. Finally, the major components of the AMT are all numbered to each other in traditional European fashion.
|Rear view of the AMT upper receiver The rear sight adjusts from 100-600 meters and is cammed to match the 7.62x51mm NATO hall round. Visible to the upper right is the large -beer keg" charging handle. Combine this with the winter trigger and it is clear the Swiss think of everything for frigid weather|
Receiver - The receiver
is essentially composed of three pieces: two end caps which are blued, and parkerized
central receiver section. The central section is stamped steel with several
ribs to give rigidity and also perform a self-cleaning function.
The front end cap is a cast and precision machined component which is spot welded
to the central section. One unique feature of this cap is that the bolt locking
roller recesses are contained in separate parts and held in place by circlips.
When the recesses become worn simply pop off the circlips, install new locking
recess parts. and replace the circlips. Your AMT is now ready for thousands
of new rounds to he fired. The rear end cap is also spot w elded to the central
section and lends structural support while serving as a mount for the buttstock.
Typical for the period, a carry handle is mounted into the receiver and is placed
where the AMT naturally balances.
The lower receiver is also of stamped and folded steel which has been parkerized a medium gray color. It operates in the same fashion as H&K rifles since it contains the trigger safety mechanism and pistol grip. The lower receiver is retained in the rifle by clipping the front section into two flanges w ith the rear locked in by a single push pin. One unique feature of the SIC AMT is it comes standard with a winter trigger. Under normal operating conditions it is folded up against the right side of the lower receiver and out of the way. To use, simply snap it down and fire with your gloved hand. Believe it or not this winter trigger is so well designed it gives an excellent "feel" of the sear disengagement and fire control. Finally, a small square metal plate is visible on the right side of the lower receiver. The external side is painted white to signify the AMT is semi-automatic. If it was reversed to its normal gray parkerized color this would visually indicate the rifle was full automatic.
Barrel - The blued steel barrel is 19.9" long and has four-groove rifling
with a 1/ 12" twist rate. This is an optimum geometry for 7.62mm NATO slugs
in the 150-165 grain weight range. Accuracy with milspec ammunition is excellent
as my AMT routinely delivers 2 MOA with iron sights and my poor eyes. The barrel
is threaded and torqued into the upper receiver and is covered for 1/2 of its
length by a perforated aluminum barrel casing. This
casing not only assists in preventing unwanted banging of the barrel during
field use but also acts as a heat sink and protection against hand burning.
It is easily removable and contains the front sight assembly, hand rest and
folding bipod. The barrel is also threaded for a flash suppressor which closely
resembles the M 16 birdcage version.
Operating System -The AMT fires from a closed bolt. In fact, the full
automatic StGw57 and 510-series all fire from the closed bolt. Pulling back
on the very large charging handle (it is shaped like a miniature beer keg!)
and letting it fly forward to load a round into the chamber is a very satisfying
experience as all bearing surfaces are finely machined. It feels like glass
sliding on glass. The charging handle has a detent which locks it forward and
therefore keeps it from cycling as the bolt reciprocates. Also, the chamber
is fluted to aid in initial extraction of a spent cartridge. While these flutes
are not as prominent as on the H&K, there are more of them.
The AMT's delayed blowback system uses twin locking rollers. The bolt assembly
is quite similar to the H&K system in that a smaller bolt head contains
the locking rollers and extractor. The larger bolt body contains the firing
pin and a protruding director shaft (acts just like the H&K locking piece)
which causes the locking rollers to cam into their recesses at the moment of
firing. After the bullet exits the bore and pressures drop to a safe level the
bolt body moves rearward and pulls back the director shaft. This allows the
locking rollers to release out of their recesses and the entire bolt assembly
to continue recoiling back. cock the hammer, and compress the recoil rod/spring
combination. Upon reaching the limit of travel the rod/spring drives the bolt
assembly forward to strip and chamber a fresh cartridge. As the bolt assembly
comes back into battery the locking rollers are then cammed back into their
locking recesses by the director shaft and you are ready to fire another round.
Sights - The front sight is a post which is protected by ears. Elevation adjustment is carried out by screwing the post the appropriate direction as on the AR 15. However. unlike the AR 15, traversing adjustment is performed by drifting the front sight base left or right. The rear sight is of the aperture type and is spring loaded to slide up or down a ramp which is ballistically matched to the 7.62mrn NATO round. This ramp is graduated - with detents from 100-600 meters. Sight radius is a generous 21 ".
A - The
AMT two-section bolt assembly. The left side contains the locking rollers
and extractor. The right side contains the director shaft. secondary safety
and firing pin mechanism.
The disassembled AMT bolt. Very obvious is the director shaft and
firing pin mechanism on the right side bolt half. The director shaft fits
into the bolt head and acts just like an H&K locking piece; it forces
the bolt locking rollers into the receiver locking recesses at the moment
of firing. The small pin is the transverse key which holds the two sections
C- The very large and well designed recoil spring assembly. In addition to two separate springs it also has a small mechanical -shock absorber" which acts as the spring guide. Recoil reduction is significant - you hardly notice it is cushioning a full power.308 Win cartridge!
|Closeup of the AMT rear stock assembly. The method of how it rotates and snaps onto the upper receiver - similar to a bayonet mount - is shown to good effect. The "Made in Switzerland" marking adds to the demand for this rare rifle and cer tainly increases its price!|
- All AMT's have wood furniture composed of a buttstock and twopiece forward
hand rest. The wood is French walnut which is smoothly finished under a flat
polyurethane coating. While both appear to be too small, this is definitely
not the case. The buttstock has a hollow scooped from its midsection to allow
an excellent cheekweld and proper alignment of eyeto-sight. The forward hand
rest falls readily in place and is shaped to permit a good grip at a comfortable
arm/body angle. Because of its straight-line design the force of recoil is directed
against the shoulder muscle and the AMT does not unduly rise even in rapid fire.
It is the softest recoiling 7.62mm
I have ever fired. In comparison the H&K91 and FN FAL are like elephant
Firing the AMT is a pure joy. The balance and excellent ergonomics are hard
to appreciate until you shoot several hundred rounds through it - at one session.
To begin load up the magazine and insert it into the rifle. This is done in
the same manner as a FAL or H&K. Place the forward part of the magazine
into the mag well and rock it backwards until it latches in place. While keeping
the AMT pointed downrange, grab the very large charging handle and pull it smartly
to the rear. Letting it go will immediately place a round into the fluted chamber.
At this point take it off Safe and start firing. You can always tell if the
AMT is loaded as a cartridge indicator is built into the upper receiver. It
will pop up a fraction of an inch if a round is chambered. In the darkness you
can reach forward and feel it protruding. There is also a secondary cartridge
indicator which is part of the firing pin lever and viewable/touchable through
the ejection port.
As there is no hold open on the AMT the bolt will not lock to the rear after
the last shot. It will close on an empty magazine just like the H&K. A hint
which can prevent some minor marring is to not let the
AMT "run dry"' on a magazine. They are hard to find and expensive ($ 130 each)
to purchase. As you come up on the last round it is better to remove the magazine
instead of having the bolt slam into the magazine follower. Make sure you take
care to manually eject the round which is still in the chamber!
Offhand shooting is perhaps my favorite position with the SIG as it really brings
out the rifle's inherent solid design. However, the factory manual states the
preferred position is with the built-in bipod as it yields the greatest accuracy.
While not disagreeing with this statement, it does sort of take the fun out
of standing up and enjoying an extremely well built firearm with minimal recoil.
Cleaning the AMT is quite simple. First, make it safe by taking out the magazine
and charging it. Place the selector lever on "S" and push out the single pin
which retains the lower receiver. Swing down and remove the entire lower receiver.
Depress the buttstock latch, rotate the buttstock 90 degrees counterclockwise
and remove it. The recoil spring and rod will come out with the buttstock. Grasp
the charging handle and slide it to the rear. The bolt assembly and charging
handle can now be withdrawn from the receiver. Finally, split the bolt assembly
by removing the transverse key. That is all there is for general disassembly.
Detail stripping is not necessary except for once or twice a year.
Standard cleaning procedures should be used but make sure no aggressive chemicals such as carb cleaner, Tetra teflon solution, Gun Scrubber, etc. come into contact with the wood furniture. The fine finish on the wood may not be able to take these aggressive compounds. Also keep in mind the fluted chamber harbors additional crud and should be addressed a little more thoroughly. A US GI 7.62mrn chamber brush will work quite fine. As the upper receiver is now wide open you can properly clean the bore from the breech side.
|A closeup of the rare Dr. Wohler 4x scope and SIG AMT factory mount. The scope is essentially unavailable except to very advanced (and fortunate) SIG collectors.|
AMT has available several accessories which add to the enjoyment of owning this
fine weapon. In addition to the 5, 10 and 20-round magazines there is also a
cleaning kit, cartridge indicator hold open tool. locked breech gauge (similar
and sight adjusting tool. Since the AMT is still being sold in Switzerland the
availability of most spare parts is assured. One location to get these parts
is through SIG Parts Service of Auburn, WA, or you can file the necessary Form
6 with BATF and import them yourself.
Perhaps the hardest accessory to find is the very rare scope and QD mount combination.
Reportedly there were about 100 scopes made in the 1970's by the firm of Dr.
Wohler from Kassel. Germany. Half of these went to the Chilean army for their
use and the remainder were placed on the retail market. The scope is 4x with
a 1" tube and comes with the traditional picketpost reticle pattern. It has
a range adjusting knob which is cammed for the standard 7.62 NATO ball round.
The quick disconnect mount is equally hard to find. Fortunately, SIG Parts Service
does a first class job of reproducing this mount which is currently available
for $325 If you want to put optics on your AMT this high quality mount is clearly
the way to go. Since the Dr. Wohler scope/QD mount are almost impossible to
find, the use of a military 4x Hensoldt with reproduction mount would duplicate
the original's size and performance at less than half the cost.
The SIG AMT is one of the rarest military-style rifles in the United States.
Imported in very limited numbers, the few which are available command a premium
price and are normally found in excellent condition. Who would want to abuse
such a fine example of the gunmaker's art? Top notch machine work. solid design,
excellent ergonomics, meticulous attention to detail and
host of similar thoughts crowd your mind when examining one. I should know -
I bought my AMT after seeing it for only a few fleeting moments! Now, having
been bitten by the SIG bug, how can I convince my wife to let me get that PE57
and mount a Gemtech suppressor on it..... and.......You get the idea.
SIG Parts Service
Attn: Estes Adams
PO Box 2631
Auburn. WA 98071-2631
Last Modified on March 17, 1999